Generally, radiologists use imaging methods in order to diagnose and provide patients with therapeutic options. They are specialized in various fields like interventional radiology, diagnostic radiology or radiation oncology. There are other subspecialties that are available. Accordingly, the board provides the physicians with specified certificates within their discipline.
The following are the various types of Radiology available:
radiology: In diagnostic
radiology physicians use radionuclides, x-rays, electromagnetic radiation and
ultrasound in order to diagnose and treat various diseases. About 5 years of
training is required in which one year for clinical training while 4 years for
radiology training. Most of them do additional training during fellowship. To
specialize in a particular area, one has to complete their certification in
diagnostic radiology. Subspecialties include neuroradiology, hospice and
palliative medicine, pain medicine, nuclear radiology, vascular and
interventional radiology and paediatric radiology.
radiology: It’s a
combination of invasive procedure guided minimally by images and the
periprocedural patient care in order to diagnose and various benign and
malignant conditions of abdomen, thorax, pelvis and extremities. Different
therapies include angioplasty, embolization, thrombus management, ablation,
stent placement, drainage etc. This field needs a minimum of 3 years of
diagnostic radiology with 2 years of interventional radiology. Subspecialties
include Hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, neuroradiology, nuclear
radiology and paediatric radiology.
- Radiation oncology: Here in this process the physicians use ionized radiation and several other modalities in order to treat various benign and malignant diseases. These Radiation oncologists also make use of computerized tomography scans which are also known as the CT scans, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), hyperthermia (heat) are all used while planning a treatment and deliver the same. They need around 5 years of complete training which includes 1-year general clinical work which is followed by 4 years of dedicated radiation oncology training. This includes various subspecialties like pain medicine and hospice and palliative medicine.
Subspecialty descriptions: One should go for additional training and need to clear relevant exams in order to get the subspecialty certification. The specialty which one chooses would merely be based on the individual’s interest and the career in which they wish to work. There are various job opportunities which one can look for based on the specialization which they have done and their pay depends on their job profile. There is a lot of scope for radiologists and can make good amount out of it.